The start of the Reformation dates back to Germany when a monk, Martin Luther, published his "95 Theses" inaccording to History. The Reformation ended between and when the Peace of Westphalia treaties allowed Catholicism and Lutheranism to coexist in Germany. Reformation began to spread through Europe before and during this time.
Blog The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Its religious aspects were supplemented by ambitious political rulers who wanted to extend their power and control at the expense of the Church.
The Reformation ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity and, in the eyes of many historians, signaled the beginning of the modern era. A weakening of the old order was already under way in Northern Europe, as evidenced by the emergence of thriving new cities and a determined middle class.
Over the centuries there had been many reform efforts within the Catholic Church, most notably a series of largely unsuccessful church councils. Popular support existed in some quarters for simplifying worship services and requiring a more dedicated clergy. Inin one of the signal events of western history, Martin Luther, a German Augustinian monk, posted 95 theses on the church door in the university town of Wittenberg.
That act was common academic practice of the day and served as an invitation to debate.
Further, Luther maintained that justification salvation was granted by faith alone; good works and the sacraments were not necessary in order to be saved. Luther had been especially appalled by a common church practice of the day, the selling of indulgences.
These papal documents were sold to penitents and promised them the remission of their sins. To Luther and other critics it appeared that salvation was for sale. Rome enthusiastically supported the use of indulgences as a means to raise money for a massive church project, the construction of St.
He sent a copy to his bishop, who in turn forwarded the theses to Rome. The details of the development and spread of what would become Lutheranism are outside the confines of U. Support came from sincere religious reformers, while others manipulated the movement to gain control of valuable church property.
Not surprisingly, a Counter-Reformation developed to combat the new reforms and bolster the doctrine and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. For a time England, too, remained loyal to Rome.
The term Protestant was not initially applied to the reformers, but later was used to describe all groups protesting Roman Catholic orthodoxy.
Lutheranism would have some impact on the development of American history, but far more important were the efforts of the reformers of the reform movement. Ideas set forth by John Calvina French theologian living in Geneva, were particularly influential.
The PuritansHuguenots and Presbyterians played prominently in the settlement of America and in the molding of colonial beliefs and values.Before we go on, notice that the word Protestant contains the word "protest" and that reformation contains the word "reform"—this was an effort, at least at first, to protest some practices of the Catholic Church and to reform that Church.
The protestant reformation needed powerful and sustained means of putting across its message and there is a big distinction to be drawn between the impact of, to take typical (but varied) examples of the protestant genre, a protestant Bible, a liturgical service-book, a .
The Reformation and its Impact. The Reformation was a decisive moment in English history – one that had a major impact on what it means to be English, even today. The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement that occurred in Western Europe during the 16th century that resulted in a divide in Christianity between Roman Catholics and Protestants.
This movement "created a North-South split in Europe, where generally Northern countries became Protestant, while Southern countries remained Catholic.". The Counter-Reformation (Latin: Contrareformatio), also called the Catholic Reformation (Latin: Reformatio Catholica) or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent (–) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War ( Artist: Paolo Veronese.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other .