The progressives and topics for reform

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The progressives and topics for reform

Progressivism, The progressives and topics for reform and social-reform movement that brought major changes to American politics and government during the first two decades of the 20th century.

The progressives and topics for reform

Historical context Progressive reformers made the first comprehensive effort within the American context to address the problems that arose with the emergence of a modern urban and industrial society. Urbanization and immigration increased at rapid rates and were accompanied by a shift from local small-scale manufacturing and commerce to large-scale factory production and colossal national corporations.

Technological breakthroughs and frenzied searches for new markets and sources of capital caused unprecedented economic growth. From tomanufacturing production rose by more than percent.

But that dynamic growth also generated profound economic and social ills that challenged the decentralized form of republican government that characterized the United States.

Goals of progressivism The Progressive movement accommodated a diverse array of reformers—insurgent Republican officeholders, disaffected Democratsjournalists, academics, social workers, and other activists—who formed new organizations and institutions with the common objective of strengthening the national government and making it more responsive to popular economic, social, and political demands.

Many progressives viewed themselves as principled reformers at a critical juncture of American history. Above all else, the progressives sought to come to terms with the extreme concentration of wealth among a tiny elite and the enormous economic and political power of the giant trustswhich they saw as uncontrolled and irresponsible.

Those industrial combinations created the perception that opportunities were not equally available in the United States and that growing corporate power threatened the freedom of individuals to earn a living. Moreover, many believed that the great business interests, represented by newly formed associations such as the National Civic Federation, had captured and corrupted the men and methods of government for their own profit.

In their efforts to grapple with the challenges of industrializationprogressives championed three principal causes. First, they promoted a new governing philosophy that placed less emphasis on rightsespecially when invoked in defense of big business, and stressed collective responsibilities and duties.

Second, in keeping with these new principles, progressives called for the reconstruction of American politics, hitherto dominated by localized parties, so that a more direct link was formed between government officials and public opinion.

Finally, reformers demanded a revamping of governing institutions, so that the power of state legislatures and Congress would be subordinated to an independent executive power—city managers, governors, and a modern presidency —that could truly represent the national interest and tackle the new tasks of government required by changing social and economic conditions.

Progressive reformers differed dramatically over how the balance should be struck between those three somewhat competing objectives as well as how the new national state they advocated should address the domestic and international challenges of the new industrial order.

But they tended to agree that those were the most important battles that had to be fought in order to bring about a democratic revival. Above all, that commitment to remaking American democracy looked to the strengthening of the public sphere.

But progressives sought to hitch the will of the people to a strengthened national administrative power, which was anathema to the Populists.

The progressives and topics for reform

The Populists were animated by a radical agrarianism that celebrated the Jeffersonian and Jacksonian assault on monopolistic power. Their concept of national democracy rested on the hope that the states and Congress might counteract the centralizing alliance between national parties and the trusts.

In contrast, the progressives championed a new national order that completely repudiated the localized democracy of the 19th century. In their quest for national communitymany progressives revisited the lessons of the Civil War. But both Bellamy and James expressed the core progressive commitment to moderate the American obsession with individual rights and private property, which they saw as sanctioning a dangerous commercial power inimical to individual freedom.

Most progressive reformers held a common belief in civic duty and self-sacrifice. They differed significantly, however, over the meaning of the public interest and how a devotion to something higher than the self could be achieved.

Diversity and disagreement within progressivism The great diversity of progressive reformers and the ambiguous meaning of progressivism have led some to question whether the Progressive movement possessed any intellectual or political coherence.

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The party was torn apart by fundamental disagreements among its supporters about the role of the national state in regulating society and the economy.Nov 05,  · Arkansas Voters Approve Extended Term Limits Arkansas voters approved a ballot measure that combined popular ethics reforms with an extension of term limits for state lawmakers.

Andrew Cuomo Is One of the Most Progressive Governors. (So Why Don't Liberals Like Him?) From education to gay rights, New York's governor has racked up a long list of liberal accomplishments. Progressivism, political and social-reform movement that brought major changes to American politics and government during the first two decades of the 20th century.

Historical context Progressive reformers made the first comprehensive effort within the American context to address the problems that arose with the emergence of a modern urban and industrial society.

Cooper’s essay is of a piece with many I see nowadays, especially from progressives. Of late, the specific target of liberal ire is the Senate and its favoritism toward small, sparsely populated. Ayaan Hirsi Ali and Asra Q. Nomani, both advocates for a Muslim reform movement and outspoken critics of Islamic law, wrote an op-ed Thursday in the New York Times arguing that Sen. Kamala Harris. Progressive Era Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activities, and more; Progressive Era Web Sites. America America by PBS American Experience paints a picture of life in the United States at the outset of the Progressive Era and does so through images, text, maps, and documents and also through varied perspectives.

Aug 05,  · Were the riots costly and destructive? Yes. But reform never would have happened without the unrest. Progressivism was the reform movement that ran from the late 19th century through the first decades of the 20th century, during which leading intellectuals and social reformers in the United States sought to address the economic, political, and cultural questions that had arisen in the context of the rapid changes brought with the Industrial Revolution and the growth of modern capitalism in America.

In the 19th century, the American world consisted of children and adults. Most Americans tried their best to allow their children to enjoy their youth while they were .

Progressive Era – Best of History Web Sites